COPD (Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
Emphysema - Chronic Bronchi
❖ As long standing cough in any habitual smoke of uses of Chula should be investigated for COPD.
Functional evaluation of Respiratory system is done by PFT (Pulmonary function test)
❖ XRIPA - HRCT Thorax
Symptoms of COPD :-
❖ Chronic (long standing) Cough with or without sputum production.
> ❖ Decrease functional capacity judged by short of breath an exertion.
Treatment & prevention of acute attack :-
❖ Inhalation therapy :-
1)MDI (Metered Dose Inhaler)
❖ Oral Bronchodilators
❖ Immunization for Respiratory infections such as :-
❖ Reversible Obstruction of small airways in lung is known as
❖ Asthma has familial predisposition
❖ Onset occurs in childhood
❖ Most of the childhood asthma presents as sudden onset on
❖ There acute episodes of Breathlessness are triggered by
Diagnosis is based on history as well as PFT (Pulmonary function test)
Restrictive Lung disease
1.Community Acquired pneumonia :-
❖ High grade fever Consolidation
❖ Cough sputum of Chest X ray
❖ Short of breath
❖ Sometimes it is life threatening condition due to Respiratory failure and multiorgan failure.